It successfully lobbied to be removed from the US terror list but the more than 2,000 remaining dissidents at Camp Liberty are essentially stranded and demanding relocation.The MEK have since come under attack several times in Iraq.The Fourth Geneva Convention extends the protection of civilians and prisoners of war during military occupation, even in the case where there is no armed resistance, for the period of one year after the end of hostilities, although the occupying power should be bound to several provisions of the convention as long as "such Power exercises the functions of government in such territory." uses the 1945 definition from the Nuremberg Charter, which defines a war crime as "Violations of the laws or customs of war.Such violations shall include, but not be limited to, murder, ill-treatment or deportation to slave labour or for any other purpose of civilian population of or in occupied territory, murder or ill-treatment of prisoners of war or persons on the seas, killing of hostages, plunder of public or private property, wanton destruction of cities, towns or villages, or devastation not justified by military necessity." Serious violations of the law of armed conflict, other than those listed as grave breaches in the [1949 Geneva] Conventions or [the 1977 Additional Protocol I], remain war crimes and punishable as such."one who crushes, or tramples down, something underfoot") and Dāhis (loosely translated: "one who sows discord").The group's declaration of a new caliphate in June 2014 and its adoption of the name "Islamic State" have been criticised and ridiculed by Muslim scholars and rival Islamists both inside and outside the territory it controls.Many treaty crimes are merely codifications of customary law and to that extent binding on all states, even those that are not parties. The ensuing gunfire led to the deaths of two boys, aged 5- and 13-years, and the wounding of a 9-year-old girl. The shooting of Roelf van Staden and his sons Roelf and Christiaan, near Fort Edward on 7 September 1901. Mac Mahon, and Troopers Hodds, Botha, and Thompson.As part of the strategy to defeat the guerrilla warfare of the Boer Commandos, farms were destroyed to prevent the Boers from resupplying from a home base. Although Trooper Cochrane's letter made no mention of the fact, three Native South African witnesses were also shot dead. Although Cochrane made no mention of the fact, Rev. All were coming in to surrender in the hope of gaining medical treatment for teenaged Christiaan, who was suffering from recurring bouts of fever. Roelf van Staden and both his sons were then shot, allegedly after being forced to dig their own graves.
The democratic nature of relationships within the PMOI gave Ashraf residents the ability to maintain their unity under harsh conditions of the past 25 years, which included aerial bombardment and missile attacks by the mullahs’ regime.
Over 25 years, however, Ashraf was built by its residents into a modern city with a complex of roads and buildings with many educational, social and sports facilities, and it became the PMOI's main enclave in Iraq.
Camp Ashraf, otherwise known as Ashraf City, was named after Ashraf Rajavi, a famous political prisoner at the time of the Shah who was among the last group of political activists released from the Shah’s prisons in 1979.
Camp Liberty, the former US military base, near the international airport, houses members of the MEK an opposition group that has been exiled since the 1979 Islamic revolution.
The group sided with Saddam Hussein's Iraq during the war with Iran in the 1980s but the 2003 US-led invasion brought leaders with ties to Tehran to power.